After the installation of Sharepoint 2013 Server edition you have to run the Product Configuration Wizard to setup the Config database. In Sharepoint 2013 Server it is not possible to use a local account to setup the database.
However there is a workaround. As PowerShell is our friend in a lot of cases, here it is also our friend.
Start an elevated Sharepoint 2013 Management Shell and use the command
From there you can configure the Config database. After this is done, run the Product Configuration Wizard again, and make sure to select Do not disconnect from this server farm.
Now you can follow the installation steps to configure Sharepoint 2013